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1.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 40(1): 19-30, Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-28

RESUMEN

In this two-wave study, we tested whether there would be positive and reciprocal relationships between employees’ gratitude and the job resources they perceive at work, as well as between gratitude and job crafting behaviours. Moreover, we explored whether job crafting could mediate the relationship between gratitude and job resources. The participants were 275 Romanian employees. No evidence for reciprocal relationships was found. Results showed that gratitude at T1 predicted more job resources at T2 (three months later), but job resources did not predict employees’ gratitude over time. One dimension of job crafting (increasing challenging job demands) at T1 positively predicted employees’ gratitude at T2, but the prospective effect of gratitude on job crafting was not significant (except for a marginally significant effect on increasing structural job resources). Job crafting did not mediate the longitudinal relationship between employees’ gratitude and job resources. These findings are discussed in relation to previous literature.(AU)


En este estudio se probó en dos momentos distintos si había relaciones positivas recíprocas entre la gratitud de los empleados y los recursos que percibían en el trabajo, así como entre la gratitud y la adaptación del puesto de trabajo al empleado. También se exploró si la adaptación del puesto al empleado podría mediar la relación entre gratitud y recursos del puesto de trabajo. En el estudio participaron 275 empleados rumanos. No se demostró que hubiera relaciones recíprocas. Los resultados indican que la gratitud en T1 predecía más los recursos del puesto en T2 (tres meses después), pero estos no predecían la gratitud de los empleados a lo largo del tiempo. Una dimensión de la adaptación del puesto al empleado, endurecer las exigencias del puesto en T1 predecía en sentido positivo la gratitud de los empleados en T2, pero el efecto prospectivo de la gratitud en la adaptación del puesto a los empleados no era significativo, excepto un efecto marginalmente significativo en el aumento de los recursos estructurales del puesto. La adaptación del puesto al empleado no mediaba la relación longitudinal entre la gratitud de los empleados y los recursos del puesto de trabajo. Se comentan los resultados en relación con las publicaciones anteriores.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adaptación Psicológica , Lugar de Trabajo , Relaciones Laborales , Rumanía
2.
J Affect Disord ; 356: 554-563, 2024 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649104

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Up to 55 % of students experience test anxiety (TA), which is characterized by intense physiological and psychological symptoms before or during exams, such as anxiety, fear of failure, sweating, or increased heart rate. Furthermore, TA increases graduation times and can result in discontinuance of the graduate program all together. Previous research demonstrated the beneficial effects of combining cognitive behavioral therapy with imagery rescripting, however, treatment programs are comparably long. Hence, they do not account for the students´ time-sensitive schedules. Therefore, the present study investigates a two-session short-intervention using imagery rescripting to treat TA. METHODS: 44 students and pupils were randomly assigned to either the two-session imagery rescripting intervention (22 participants) or the waitlist-control condition (22 participants). One week before the intervention clinical interviews were conducted and self-report questionnaires on TA, self-efficacy, symptoms of depression, and intrusive prospective images were completed (T1). The same questionnaires were completed one week (T2) and six months after the intervention (T3). RESULTS: Test anxiety significantly decreased from T1 to T2, as well as from T1 to T3 within the intervention group. Furthermore, there were medium to large within and between group effects for situational test anxiety, self-efficacy, symptoms of depression, as well as prospective intrusive images, showing significant improvements for the intervention group at six months follow-up. LIMITATIONS: The study is limited to the comparably small sample size, as well as the sole usage of self-report measurements. CONCLUSIONS: The presented short-intervention provides a feasible treatment technique, which can be easily applied within school and university counseling centers.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Imágenes en Psicoterapia , Ansiedad ante los Exámenes , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Imágenes en Psicoterapia/métodos , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Ansiedad ante los Exámenes/terapia , Ansiedad ante los Exámenes/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Autoeficacia , Depresión/terapia , Depresión/psicología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/métodos
3.
J Clin Nurs ; 33(8): 3294-3317, 2024 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616578

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: As a chronic skin disease, psoriasis often affects the physical, psychological and social status of the patient, which in turn impacts on their experience of illness and needs. However, there is no review of qualitative research that integrates and analyses the experiences and needs of these three influences from a holistic perspective. METHODS: This review follows the ENTREQ guidelines. Six English databases (JBI, Cochrane Library, PubMed, PsyINFO, CINAHL and Embase) and three Chinese databases (CNKI, VIP and Wanfang) were searched from January 2012 to October 2022. Literature was included if it was relevant to the experience of illness and caring needs of patients with psoriasis. The JBI-QARI was used to rate the quality of included studies. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included in the meta-synthesis. Four analytical themes were identified for analysis: physical challenges, psychological discomfort, social phenomena and caring needs. CONCLUSIONS: The combined physical, psychological and social effects of psoriasis and the consequent caring needs should be emphasised. Health professionals, including doctors and nurses, should be aware of the multiple changes in patients and their coping strategies, provide information about psoriasis, monitor and follow-up regularly over time and obtain feedback to inform further treatment and care so as to develop high-quality therapeutic interventions to help and guide patients with their coping strategies. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: These findings describe the physical, psychological and social experiences of illness and caring needs of patients with psoriasis. Healthcare professionals should be more aware of patients' easily overlooked psychological and social distress, providing prompt attention and recognition of patients' experiences and needs, offering relevant assistance and support and enhancing daily, regular follow-up to help them improve their understanding of and ability to manage their illness. NO PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: This is a meta-synthesis without direct patient involvement.


Asunto(s)
Psoriasis , Investigación Cualitativa , Psoriasis/psicología , Psoriasis/enfermería , Humanos , Adaptación Psicológica , Femenino , Masculino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad
4.
J Interprof Care ; 38(4): 642-651, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525851

RESUMEN

Improving teamwork among mental health practitioners is crucial. However, there have been few intervention studies on teamwork enhancement among community mental health practitioners in South Korea. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of the Team Building Circle program (TBC) based on the restorative justice paradigm, which sought to promote integration and cohesion. The TBC was developed to improve conflict interpretation mind-set, interpersonal skills, and teamwork among practitioners in community mental health centers. We conducted a quasi-experimental study using a pre and posttest design with a non-equivalent control group. The participants were 44 practitioners from four community mental health centers. Data were collected before the implementation TBC (pretest), just after (posttest), and 3 months after TBC (follow-up test). A generalized estimating equation model was used for analysis. Our findings indicate that the intervention group had improved scores in the ability to cope with interpersonal stress in a constructive way, interpersonal relationship skills, and teamwork compared to the control group. To improve teamwork among community mental health practitioners, managers are encouraged to consider providing TBC intervention.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Cooperativa , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Grupo de Atención al Paciente , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , República de Corea , Grupo de Atención al Paciente/organización & administración , Adulto , Servicios Comunitarios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , Relaciones Interpersonales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adaptación Psicológica , Centros Comunitarios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , Habilidades Sociales
5.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 68(1): 1-9, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522805

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Over the last 30 years, non-pharmacological treatment with ear acupuncture, including National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) acupuncture, has become popular in Western society to relieve cancer-related symptoms. OBJECTIVES: This study aim is to explore whether NADA acupuncture plays a role in relieving suffering experienced by patients hospitalized in a specialized palliative care ward and their family caregivers and whether it contributes to their coping skills. METHODS: A qualitative study with a hermeneutic approach utilizing inductive thematic content analysis. Purposeful sampling took place in a specialized palliative care ward in Denmark and all data were collected through semi-structured interviews with patients and family caregivers as either individual or family interviews. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients and 15 family caregivers participated in interviews. Four themes emerged: (1) communication about treatment with NADA acupuncture, (2) relief of suffering generates extra energy and inner strength, (3) sharing the experience with the family is beneficial, and (4) physical and psychological effects after receiving NADA acupuncture. CONCLUSION: Patients in palliative care and their family caregivers experienced relief of suffering after receiving NADA acupuncture, as well as improved well-being, and extra energy and inner strength to cope with their life situation. The ability to share NADA acupuncture gave family caregivers the feeling of being cared for and contributed to feelings of fellowship and togetherness within the family, strengthening their ability to communicate and cope.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Cuidadores , Cuidados Paliativos , Investigación Cualitativa , Humanos , Cuidadores/psicología , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Adulto , Terapia por Acupuntura , Dinamarca , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicología , Acupuntura Auricular , Familia/psicología , Entrevistas como Asunto
6.
Oncol Res Treat ; 47(4): 123-134, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325341

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Cancer diagnoses are constantly increasing in clinical practice. Therefore, more and more patients are interested in how they can actively participate in the process of treatment. Spirituality represents a hidden issue of the population, which counts as a branch of complementary and alternative treatment. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate whether there are associations between spirituality and demographic and psychosocial factors, as well as religious beliefs, in cancer patients. METHODS: We conducted a survey with 451 participants in 10 oncology centers between March and July 2021. A composition of the following 9 different questionnaires was used to collect data on spirituality, demographics, resilience, self-efficiency, life satisfaction, and sense of coherence: Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being (FACIT-Sp12), General Life Satisfaction Short Scale (L-1), Resilienzskala Kurzform (RS-13), Sense of Coherence Scale - Leipziger Kurzform (SOC-L9), Allgemeine Selbstwirksamkeit Kurzskala (AKSU), Adolescent Food Habits Checklist, Likert-Scale of daily activities, questionnaire of the Working group Prävention und Integrative Onkologie (PRiO), and personal opinion on the cause of the disease. Calculated data and analyzed group differences using ANOVA Bonferroni were used to test associations between spirituality and the variables studied. For more detailed examination of spirituality, we took a closer look at the different components of spirituality - peace, meaning, and faith - and their relation to each other (three-factor spirituality analyses). RESULTS: Higher spirituality scores in total as well as meaning, peace, and faith were each associated with higher levels of resilience and life satisfaction. Higher religious belief was found to be associated with higher spiritual attitudes. High personal self-efficiency was found in people with higher spiritual beliefs in general as well as higher meaning and peace. Meaning and peace emerge as essential components of spiritual well-being and show a stronger association with expressions of general spirituality than faith. CONCLUSION: Spirituality takes a crucial role among the resources of life-threatening diseases. As such, further research is needed to expand and integrate patient options into a modernized concept of care. Our data indicate that higher spiritual well-being is associated with a more tolerant approach to illness. Thus, addressing spiritual needs in therapy is associated with better psychological adjustment to the individual situation and reduces negative distress. To promote spiritual needs in the future, cognitive as well as affective components of spirituality should be emphasized.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Espiritualidad , Adolescente , Humanos , Adaptación Psicológica , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicología , Alemania/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
J Health Psychol ; 29(5): 438-451, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312012

RESUMEN

The current observational study aimed to examine the relationship between mindfulness and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among patients with breast cancer. Additionally, it explores the mediating role of illness perceptions and positive emotions. A total of 697 women with breast cancer were recruited from four clinical sites as part of the Bounce project in Finland, Portugal, Italy, and Israel. The study measures were mindfulness (MAAS), illness perceptions (IPQ), positive affect (PANAS), and post-traumatic growth (PTGI) at three time points: near the time of diagnosis, 6 months, and 12 months post-diagnosis. A higher level of mindfulness was associated with perceptions of the illness as less chronic. Specifically, the perception of a limited timeline of breast cancer was associated with positive emotions, thus leading to enhanced PTG. Emphasis should be placed on promoting mindfulness, elaborating on illness perceptions, and maintaining positive affect as part of clinical interventions for PTG among breast cancer patients.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Atención Plena , Crecimiento Psicológico Postraumático , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Humanos , Femenino , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Pacientes , Emociones , Adaptación Psicológica , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/psicología
9.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 36, 2024 Feb 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336650

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients diagnosed with hematological malignancies residing in low-middle-income countries undergo significant physical and psychological stressors. Despite this, only 16% of them receive proper care during the terminal stages. It is therefore crucial to gain insight into the unique experiences of this population. AIM: To have a better understanding of the needs and experiences of adult patients with advanced hematological malignancy by exploring their perspectives. METHODS: A qualitative interpretive design was employed to collect and analyze data using a phenomenological approach. The study involved in-depth interviews with ten participants aged between 49 and 65 years, utilizing a semi-structured approach. RESULTS: Two primary themes emerged from the participants' experiences of reaching the terminal stage of illness: "Pain, Suffering, and Distress" and "Spiritual Coping." The first theme encompassed physical and emotional pain, suffering, and distress, while the second theme was centered on the participants' spiritual coping mechanisms. These coping mechanisms included seeking comfort in religious practices, relying on spiritual support from family and friends, and finding solace in their beliefs and faith. CONCLUSION: Patients with hematological malignancies in the terminal stages of their disease experience severe pain, considerable physical and psychosocial suffering, and spiritual distress. While they require support to cope with their daily struggles, their experiences often go unnoticed, leading to disappointment and loss of dignity. Patients mainly rely on their spirituality to cope with their situations. Healthcare providers must acknowledge these patients' needs and provide more holistic and effective care.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Neoplasias , Adulto , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Jordania , Adaptación Psicológica , Neoplasias/psicología , Espiritualidad , Dolor/psicología , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicaciones
10.
Matern Child Health J ; 28(6): 1010-1019, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353888

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: In 2018, approximately 2.3 million children in the United States had unmet healthcare needs (UHCN). To date, studies examining associations between UHCN and parent stress and support have had limited generalizability. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between children's UHCN and parenting stress and support using a nationally representative sample. Additionally, this study aimed to assess associations between unmet mental health needs and these parental well-being measures. METHODS: Households with children ages 0-17 and complete data on UHCN in the combined 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019 cohorts of the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) met inclusion criteria. Logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between overall UHCN and outcome measures of parental coping, aggravation, emotional support, and neighborhood support. Associations between mental UHCN and these outcome measures were analyzed in a subset limited to children with mental health conditions. Regressions were adjusted for potential confounders, including demographics, household income, medical home status, and health insurance (adequacy/type). RESULTS: In our sample of 131,299 children, overall UHCN were associated with poorer parental coping (aOR = 5.35, 95% CI: [3.60, 7.95]), greater parental aggravation (aOR = 3.35, 95% CI: [2.73, 4.12]), and non-supportive neighborhood (aOR = 2.22, 95% CI: [1.86, 2.65]). Mental UHCN were similarly associated with parental coping and aggravation and neighborhood support in the mental health subset. CONCLUSIONS FOR PRACTICE: Healthcare professionals must address the needs of children with UHCN and collaborate with community organizations and child advocates to promote coordinated and comprehensive care and adequately support caregivers.


Asunto(s)
Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud , Responsabilidad Parental , Apoyo Social , Estrés Psicológico , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Niño , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Preescolar , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Adolescente , Estados Unidos , Lactante , Adulto , Padres/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Recién Nacido
11.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 105(7): 1268-1274, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369228

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess psychosocial treatment preferences and factors that may affect treatment participation among young adults with a recent concussion and co-occurring anxiety. DESIGN: In-depth, semi-structured individual qualitative interviews, followed by thematic analysis using a hybrid deductive-inductive approach. SETTING: Academic medical center in the US Northeast. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen young adults (18-24y) who sustained a concussion within the past 3-10 weeks and reported at least mild anxiety (≥5 on the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes include preferences for program content (eg, topics and skills), delivery modality, format, and barriers and facilitators to participation. RESULTS: We identified 4 domains characterizing participants' perceptions of and preferences for treatment. (1) Program content: Participants preferred a program early after injury that included psychoeducation and coping skills (eg, activity pacing, deep breathing, mindfulness). (2) Therapeutic processes: Participants preferred a person-centered approach in which clinicians normalized anxiety postconcussion and reassured them of recovery. (3) Program logistics: Participants endorsed that a brief, virtual program would be acceptable. They preferred access to program components through multiple modalities (eg, audio, video) and accommodations to manage concussion symptoms. (4) Barriers and facilitators to participation: Barriers included acute concussion symptoms (eg, screen sensitivity), time constraints, and forgetting sessions. Facilitators included a program that is flexible (format, scheduling), personalized (self-chosen mode for reminders, measure of accountability), and accessible (ie, advertising through health care professionals or social media). CONCLUSIONS: Participants need psychosocial support that normalizes their experiences and provides education and coping tools. Treatments should be accessible, flexible, and person centered. Psychosocial treatments meeting these preferences may help optimize the recovery of young adults with recent concussion and anxiety.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Conmoción Encefálica , Prioridad del Paciente , Investigación Cualitativa , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Conmoción Encefálica/psicología , Conmoción Encefálica/rehabilitación , Conmoción Encefálica/terapia , Prioridad del Paciente/psicología , Adolescente , Ansiedad/etiología , Adaptación Psicológica , Entrevistas como Asunto , Educación del Paciente como Asunto
12.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 76: 76-82, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364592

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the depression, stress and anxiety levels of mothers with preschool children during the pandemic and to determine their coping strategies with stress. DESIGN AND METHODS: This descriptive study sampled 300 mothers with kindergarten children in the 2021-2022 academic year. The data were collected with a personal information form, The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) and Stress-Coping Styles Scale (SCSS). Numerical variables were presented as mean and standard deviation, and categorical variables were presented as numbers and percentages. The Mann Whitney U test was used for the dual group and the Kruskal Wallis test for more than two groups in the comparison of the scale mean scores. The relationship between the two scales was determined by Pearson's correlation analysis. p < 0.05 value was accepted statistically significant. RESULTS: The depression, anxiety and stress mean scores of the mothers in the study were high (10.01 ± 4.79; 9.07 ± 5.09; 10.28 ± 4.28, respectively). There is a high level of negative correlation between the SCSS self-confidence approach scores, optimistic approach scores and depression, anxiety and stress scores, and a high level of positive correlation between the helpless/self-accusatory approach, submissive approach, optimistic approach and depression, anxiety and stress scores. CONCLUSION: Mothers with pre-school children have been found to experience intense depression, anxiety and stress during the pandemic, and as their depression, stress and anxiety levels increase, they move away from self-confident and optimistic approaches, and they embrace more the helpless/self-accusatory approach and submissive approach, seeking social support. IMPLICATIONS TO PRACTICE: In the event of a future pandemic, psychiatry and pediatric nurses should strengthen positive coping styles and make mothers aware of social support resources to ensure that mothers, who are the most vulnerable group in terms of mental health, and thus children, do not experience psychiatric problems. Thus, nurses, as mandated by the holistic care approach, provide the qualified care that the individual and his family deserve.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Ansiedad , COVID-19 , Depresión , Madres , Estrés Psicológico , Humanos , Turquía/epidemiología , Madres/psicología , Femenino , Preescolar , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Adulto , COVID-19/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/psicología , Masculino , Pandemias
13.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 25(2): 425-431, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415527

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the effect of multidimensional spiritual psychotherapy on anxiety, depression, and attitude towards self and god in bone cancer patients after amputation. METHOD: Forty one cancer patients with a history of Below-The-Knee amputation were recruited in this quasi-experimental study. The design included pre-and post-tests in experimental and control  groups. The experimental group received 15 sessions of multidimensional spiritual psychotherapy. Cattell Anxiety Inventory (CAI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), Religious Adherence Questionnaire (RAQ), and Self-concept-God concept questionnaire were administered for data collection. RESULTS: There was a significant difference between the control and experimental groups in terms of anxiety (P=0.0001), Depression (P=0.0001), God-image (P=0.035, F(1,38)=4.79), God-concept (P=0.006, F(1,38)=8.58), self-image (P=0.0001, F(1,38)=98.62), and self-concept (P=0.0001, F(1,38)=120.56), psychological evolution (P=0.0001, F(1,38)=19.36), and religious adherence (P=0.0001, F(1,38)=84.21). CONCLUSION: The results of the study indicated that the emphasis on spirituality and the implementation of spiritual care could improve the cancer amputated patients' well-being.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Óseas , Supervivientes de Cáncer , Osteosarcoma , Humanos , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Espiritualidad , Psicoterapia , Neoplasias Óseas/cirugía , Amputación Quirúrgica , Extremidad Inferior/cirugía
14.
J Relig Health ; 63(2): 1475-1489, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198107

RESUMEN

This study aims at determining the spiritual care needs of women with breast cancer and their family caregivers, as well as the effect of spirituality on coping with this illness. This qualitative research utilized a phenomenological design. In-depth individual interviews were conducted with breast cancer women and family caregivers. A total of 26 participants (13 women with breast cancer and 13 family caregivers) were involved. The data were examined using inductive thematic analysis. Three main themes were identified: "Being diagnosed with breast cancer; its emotional and life-related impacts;" "Spirituality in fighting with cancer;" and "Caring period and needs". The results showed that the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer have multifaceted effects on women and their family caregivers. Spirituality was found to be an essential factor in coping with cancer for women with cancer and their family caregivers. In addition, the results showed that women and family caregivers have some unmet spiritual care needs.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Terapias Espirituales , Humanos , Femenino , Espiritualidad , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Cuidadores/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Turquía , Investigación Cualitativa
15.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 75: e135-e141, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216347

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To explore the stressors, coping strategies, and mental health of adolescents diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study adopted a descriptive qualitative study design. Twelve participants were recruited from a local non-government organization in Hong Kong. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect data. Verbatim transcriptions of interviews were coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. The guideline of the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Studies was used to report the findings. RESULTS: Five themes were identified: "Disease- and treatment-induced changes and stressors", "Cognitive assessment and personal perceptions", "Behavioral and emotional coping strategies", "Social interactions and social support", and "Deteriorating or thriving in psychological development and well-being". CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis experienced a variety of physical and psychological stressors. It is imperative to prioritize efforts to promote adaptive coping and activate social support systems to achieve better outcomes in this population. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Healthcare providers should aim to comprehend the experiences of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis for improved clinical interactions and holistic care. Future research should prioritize coping-based interventions, to enhance adaptive coping behaviors and the well-being of this population.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Escoliosis , Humanos , Adolescente , Adaptación Psicológica , Estrés Psicológico , Habilidades de Afrontamiento , Investigación Cualitativa
16.
J Nurs Res ; 32(1): e309, 2024 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38190331

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis is the most common therapy for managing patients with end-stage renal disease. Depression is one of the most common psychological problems faced by dialysis patients, and there is limited research on the influences of religion and spirituality on dialysis patients. PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare religion and spiritual health status between hemodialysis patients with and without depressive symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 137 hemodialysis patients living in Taiwan. The self-report instruments used included the Religious Beliefs Scale, Spiritual Health Scale-Short Form, and Beck Depression Inventory-II. Data were analyzed using t test, chi-square test, point-biserial correlation of variance, and logistic regression. RESULTS: Most (63.5%) of the participants were classified with depression, of which most were male (70.1%), older (mean = 62.56 years), and unemployed (73.6%) and had less formal education. Fifty-two of the participants with depression had a 1- to 5-year duration of hemodialysis, whereas the nondepressed group had a higher mean score for number of religious activities, positive religious beliefs, and total score for spiritual health. Logistic regression showed an increased odds ratio ( OR ) of depression for participants with a duration of hemodialysis of 1-5 years ( OR = 3.64, 95% CI [1.01, 13.15]). Participants with higher scores for spiritual health had a lower risk of depression ( OR = 0.82, 95% CI [0.75, 0.90]), indicating a positive association between spiritual health and lower depression risk. CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The prevalence rate of depression in hemodialysis patients is higher than that in the general population. Providing screenings for spiritual health and depression as part of routine medical care for hemodialysis patients is recommended to detect spiritual distress and depression early.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Fallo Renal Crónico , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/psicología , Religión , Diálisis Renal/efectos adversos , Diálisis Renal/psicología , Fallo Renal Crónico/complicaciones , Fallo Renal Crónico/terapia , Fallo Renal Crónico/psicología , Espiritualidad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adaptación Psicológica
17.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 62(6): 18-26, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166595

RESUMEN

Poly-victimization is often reported by formerly incarcerated women and leads to physical and mental health problems that interfere with daily functioning, sustained employment, and housing stability. Although reentry programs exist, few focus on the physical and emotional impact of multiple traumas. Passport to Freedom (P2F), a woman-centered, trauma-informed reentry program, was developed to support formerly incarcerated women. The pilot intervention, performed in 2017, focused on the connections between trauma and health, coping with symptoms, and managing one's own health. To examine the effectiveness and feasibility of the intervention, we performed the current mixed methods study with two phases: (1) focus groups, and (2) sessions combining mindfulness and health promotion activities with follow-up evaluations. Participants (N = 24) showed decreased symptoms of depression and concerns of everyday stressors after the intervention. Of participants, 84% (n = 16) reported practicing mindfulness and 63% (n = 8) stated that mindfulness exercises helped with daily stress management. The P2F program offers a promising approach to support formerly incarcerated women with health self-management. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 62(6), 18-26.].


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Atención Plena , Prisioneros , Humanos , Atención Plena/métodos , Femenino , Adulto , Prisioneros/psicología , Grupos Focales , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/terapia , Proyectos Piloto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Depresión/terapia , Depresión/psicología
18.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 56(3): 357-370, 2024 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38168092

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Individuals with serious mental illness often have persistent and disruptive symptoms. These can profoundly affect their children's lives, exposing them to adverse social and psychological conditions. Such conditions can result in traumatic lived experiences during childhood, which can carry over into adulthood, influencing their self-perceptions and shaping their attitudes toward themselves and society. To gain insights into this phenomenon, this study explored the lived experiences of adults who grew up with a parent with serious mental illness and their perceptions of their lives in adulthood. DESIGN: This study used an interpretive phenomenological design. METHODS: Participants were invited to voluntarily participate in the study through a call posted on social media. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 adults (age range, 20-55 years) who grew up with a parent with serious mental illness. The interviews were recorded and transcribed, and inductive thematic analysis was used to identify main and overarching themes. RESULTS: The overarching theme of transition from childhood survival to adulthood survival emerged and included four main themes: (1) a traumatic childhood, (2) perceived control, (3) resilience and general self-efficacy, and (4) adult quality of life. A traumatic childhood consisted of experiences of neglect and abuse, while participants used perceived control to achieve personal growth, self-care, and care of others. Resilience and general self-efficacy emerged during the transition to adulthood and helped participants further their social status and strengthen family bonds. Lastly, adult quality of life was described as being disturbed by feelings of loneliness and being burdensome, stemming from an inherent tendency to rely solely on themselves, leading to trust issues and mental health complications. Therefore, these adults found it difficult to reach out and get help or treatment for their concerns, as they initially did not want to appear dysfunctional or in need. CONCLUSION: This study has illuminated the lived experiences of a specific, vulnerable population that has not been intentionally explored until now. To delve into these experiences, we employed a distinctive qualitative approach, merging the interpretive phenomenological perspective with an inductive thematic analysis. This allowed for rich insight with a relatively large group of participants and enabled an in-depth exploration within this methodological framework. Consequently, this study constitutes a notable contribution to the extant body of knowledge, exploring the intricacies of personal growth and its impact on participants' quality of life. It uncovers the essence of resilience and general self-efficacy, revealing how these elements intertwine with the negative results observed. However, the study findings emphasize the need for healthcare professionals, including nurses and other caregivers, to be mindful of the long-lasting effects of the adverse experiences of children of patients with serious mental illness. Prioritizing active clinical assessment and implementing tailored interventions to address such children's specific needs and difficulties across different developmental stages is imperative. Such comprehensive and targeted approaches are crucial in providing appropriate support and promoting the well-being of these individuals. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Enhanced clinical attention in holistic psychiatric care is crucial for individuals and their relatives, especially children. Comprehensive assessments of children and adults raised by seriously mentally ill parents can enable tailored and preventive interventions, positively impacting overall quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Adulto , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Investigación Cualitativa , Padres/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto Joven , Hijo de Padres Discapacitados/psicología , Resiliencia Psicológica
19.
J Relig Health ; 63(1): 159-184, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37573533

RESUMEN

Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience that affects individuals in various ways involving biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects. There is currently no comprehensive treatment that effectively addresses all aspects of pain. This integrative review aimed to analyze the spiritual aspect of pain relief. Following the specified methodological criteria, a total of 20 articles were selected. There evidenced a lack of spiritual care provided by healthcare professionals, even though its correlation with pain and its potential benefits have been widely demonstrated in the literature. Fortunately, some patients put into practice existential and religious tools to self-control and cope with their pain, although not always with a successful response.


Asunto(s)
Dolor , Espiritualidad , Humanos , Dolor/psicología , Manejo del Dolor , Personal de Salud , Emociones , Adaptación Psicológica
20.
Health Psychol Rev ; 18(1): 41-74, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36632776

RESUMEN

The detrimental effects of Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms (PTSS) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and the benefits of Post-Traumatic Growth (PTG) are well established for cancer survivors. Increased cancer survival rates necessitate an understanding of how these two paradoxical outcomes, PTSS/PTSD and PTG, are targeted through interventions. This systematic scoping review aims to (a) examine existing evidence on interventions targeting PTSS/PTSD and/or PTG among cancer survivors and (b) identify knowledge gaps to inform future research. Following the six steps of a scoping review, 76 articles met the inclusion criteria. Quantitative articles were examined using descriptive analysis. Frequency counts of the collated data were tabulated into summary tables. Qualitative articles were reviewed using meta-synthesis. Most articles were quantitative (n = 52) and targeted PTG (n = 68) through promising intervention approaches such as psychotherapy, mindfulness, physical activity, and psilocybin-assisted therapy. Three key implications for future research and practice were synthesized: (1) mechanistic considerations for intervention design that provide a roadmap for rigorous and theoretically-grounded research; (2) the need for improved representation of cancer survivors in trials; and (3) potential facilitators of intervention efficacy. Together, these findings can direct future research to optimize interventions to reduce PTSS/PTSD and promote PTG achievement among cancer survivors.


Asunto(s)
Supervivientes de Cáncer , Atención Plena , Neoplasias , Crecimiento Psicológico Postraumático , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Humanos , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/terapia , Adaptación Psicológica , Neoplasias/complicaciones
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