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1.
Nat Chem Biol ; 11(5): 347-354, 2015 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25848931

RESUMEN

Huntington's disease (HD) is a currently incurable neurodegenerative condition caused by an abnormally expanded polyglutamine tract in huntingtin (HTT). We identified new modifiers of mutant HTT toxicity by performing a large-scale 'druggable genome' siRNA screen in human cultured cells, followed by hit validation in Drosophila. We focused on glutaminyl cyclase (QPCT), which had one of the strongest effects on mutant HTT-induced toxicity and aggregation in the cell-based siRNA screen and also rescued these phenotypes in Drosophila. We found that QPCT inhibition induced the levels of the molecular chaperone αB-crystallin and reduced the aggregation of diverse proteins. We generated new QPCT inhibitors using in silico methods followed by in vitro screening, which rescued the HD-related phenotypes in cell, Drosophila and zebrafish HD models. Our data reveal a new HD druggable target affecting mutant HTT aggregation and provide proof of principle for a discovery pipeline from druggable genome screen to drug development.


Asunto(s)
Aminoaciltransferasas/efectos de los fármacos , Aminoaciltransferasas/genética , Enfermedad de Huntington/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad de Huntington/genética , ARN Interferente Pequeño , Aminoaciltransferasas/antagonistas & inhibidores , Animales , Células Cultivadas , Biología Computacional , Drosophila , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/farmacología , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapéutico , Proteínas Fluorescentes Verdes/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteína Huntingtina , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Mutación/genética , Proteínas del Tejido Nervioso/genética , Proteínas del Tejido Nervioso/metabolismo , Neuronas/efectos de los fármacos , Neuronas/metabolismo , Pez Cebra , Cadena B de alfa-Cristalina/metabolismo
2.
Psychopharmacology (Berl) ; 218(4): 635-47, 2011 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21643676

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonists are proposed as candidate agents for the adjunctive treatment of cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia. Despite the pursuit of such an approach clinically, it is surprising that the preclinical profile of pro-cognitive agents in conjunction with antipsychotic drugs is currently unexplored. OBJECTIVES: We determined if the memory-enhancing effects of the selective α7 nAChR agonist WYE-103914 were preserved in the presence of the atypical antipsychotic drug risperidone, and if the antipsychotic-like profile of risperidone was preserved in the presence of WYE-103914. METHODS: Using the rat novel object recognition (NOR) paradigm, the maintenance of memory-enhancing activity of the α7 nAChR agonist WYE-103914 in the presence of risperidone was examined. Similarly, in the standard tests of antipsychotic-like activity, apomorphine-induced climbing (AIC) in mice and conditioned avoidance responding (CAR) in rats, the preservation of antipsychotic-like activity of risperidone was evaluated in the presence of WYE-103914. RESULTS: WYE-103914 exhibited memory-enhancing activity in rat NOR, and this effect of WYE-103914 was retained in the presence of risperidone. In AIC, the atypical antipsychotic profile of risperidone was not significantly altered by WYE-103914. In contrast, WYE-103914 moderately potentiated the efficacy profile of risperidone in CAR, an effect that did not appear to be convincingly linked to a pharmacokinetic interaction. CONCLUSIONS: These data underscore the value of a preclinical evaluation of the adjunctive profile of a memory-enhancing agent in combination with antipsychotics and provide further support to augmentation with α7 nAChR agonists to address the cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos del Conocimiento/tratamiento farmacológico , Piridinas/farmacología , Risperidona/farmacología , Esquizofrenia/tratamiento farmacológico , Urea/análogos & derivados , Animales , Antipsicóticos/farmacología , Reacción de Prevención/efectos de los fármacos , Trastornos del Conocimiento/etiología , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Interacciones Farmacológicas , Quimioterapia Combinada , Masculino , Memoria/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones , Ratas , Ratas Long-Evans , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Nicotínicos/efectos de los fármacos , Receptores Nicotínicos/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatología , Urea/farmacología , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa 7
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