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Métodos Terapéuticos y Terapias MTCI
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EBioMedicine ; 79: 103974, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430453


BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive degenerative disorder that leads to joint destruction. Available treatments only target the inflammatory component with minimal impact on joint repair. We recently uncovered a previously unappreciated family of pro-resolving mediators, the maresin conjugate in tissue regeneration (MCTR), that display both immunoregulatory and tissue-protective activities. Thus, we queried whether the production of these autacoids is disrupted in RA patients and whether they can be useful in treating joint inflammation and promoting joint repair. METHODS: Using a highly phenotyped RA cohort we evaluated plasma MCTR concentrations and correlated these to clinical markers of disease activity. To evaluate the immunoregulatory and tissue reparative activities we employed both in vivo models of arthritis and organ culture models. FINDINGS: Herein, we observed that plasma MCTR3 concentrations were negatively correlated with joint disease activity and severity in RA patients. Evaluation of the mechanisms engaged by this mediator in arthritic mice demonstrated that MCTR3 reprograms monocytes to confer enduring joint protective properties. Single cell transcriptomic profiling and flow cytometric evaluation of macrophages from mice treated with MCTR3-reprogrammed monocytes revealed a role for Arginase-1 (Arg-1) in mediating their joint reparative and pro-resolving activities. Arg-1 inhibition reversed both the anti-arthritic and tissue reparative actions of MCTR3-reprogrammed monocytes. INTERPRETATION: Our findings demonstrate that circulating MCTR3 levels are negatively correlated with disease in RA. When administered to mice in vivo, MCTR3 displayed both anti-inflammatory and joint reparative activities, protecting both cartilage and bone in murine arthritis. These activities were, at least in part, mediated via the reprogramming of mononuclear phagocyte responses. FUNDING: This work was supported by funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant no: 677542) and the Barts Charity (grant no: MGU0343) to J.D. J.D. is also supported by a Sir Henry Dale Fellowship jointly funded by the Wellcome Trust and the Royal Society (grant 107613/Z/15/Z).

Artritis Experimental , Artritis Reumatoide , Animales , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Arginasa/genética , Artritis Reumatoide/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Macrófagos , Ratones , Monocitos
Am J Pathol ; 188(4): 950-966, 2018 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29571326


Resolvin conjugates in tissue regeneration (RCTRs) are new chemical signals that accelerate resolution of inflammation, infection, and tissue regeneration. Herein, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based metabololipidomics, we identified RCTRs in human spleen, lymph node, bone marrow, and brain. In human spleen incubated with Staphylococcus aureus, endogenous RCTRs were increased along with conversion of deuterium-labeled docosahexaenoic acid, conferring pathway activation. Physical and biological properties of endogenous RCTRs were matched with those prepared by total organic synthesis. The complete stereochemical assignment of bioactive RCTR1 is 8R-glutathionyl-7S,17S-dihydroxy-4Z,9E,11E,13Z,15E,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid, RCTR2 is 8R-cysteinylglycinyl-7S,17S-dihydroxy-4Z,9E,11E,13Z,15E,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid, and RCTR3 is 8R-cysteinyl-7S,17S-dihydroxy-4Z,9E,11E,13Z,15E,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid. These stereochemically defined RCTRs stimulated human macrophage phagocytosis, efferocytosis, and planaria tissue generation. Proteome profiling demonstrated that RCTRs regulated both proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines with human macrophages. In microfluidic chambers, the three RCTRs limited human polymorphonuclear cell migration. In hind-limb ischemia-reperfusion-initiated organ injury, both RCTR2 and RCTR3 reduced polymorphonuclear cell infiltration into lungs. In infectious peritonitis, RCTR1 shortened the resolution intervals. Each RCTR (1 nmol/L) accelerated planaria tissue regeneration by approximately 0.5 days, with direct comparison to both maresin and protectin CTRs. Together, these results identify a new bioactive RCTR (ie, RCTR3) in human tissues and establish the complete stereochemistry and rank-order potencies of three RCTRs in vivo. Moreover, RCTR1, RCTR2, and RCTR3 each exert potent anti-inflammatory and proresolving actions with human leukocytes.

Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/química , Fagocitos/metabolismo , Regeneración/fisiología , Animales , Quimiotaxis , Infecciones por Escherichia coli/patología , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/biosíntesis , Humanos , Inflamación/patología , Lesión Pulmonar/microbiología , Lesión Pulmonar/patología , Macrófagos/citología , Masculino , Metaboloma , Ratones , Fagocitos/citología , Fagocitosis , Planarias/fisiología , Proteoma/metabolismo , Daño por Reperfusión/microbiología , Daño por Reperfusión/patología , Bazo/metabolismo , Estereoisomerismo
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 113(43): 12232-12237, 2016 10 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27791009


Macrophages are central in coordinating immune responses, tissue repair, and regeneration, with different subtypes being associated with inflammation-initiating and proresolving actions. We recently identified a family of macrophage-derived proresolving and tissue regenerative molecules coined maresin conjugates in tissue regeneration (MCTR). Herein, using lipid mediator profiling we identified MCTR in human serum, lymph nodes, and plasma and investigated MCTR biosynthetic pathways in human macrophages. With human recombinant enzymes, primary cells, and enantiomerically pure compounds we found that the synthetic maresin epoxide intermediate 13S,14S-eMaR (13S,14S-epoxy- 4Z,7Z,9E,11E,16Z,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid) was converted to MCTR1 (13R-glutathionyl, 14S-hydroxy-4Z,7Z,9E,11E,13R,14S,16Z,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid) by LTC4S and GSTM4. Incubation of human macrophages with LTC4S inhibitors blocked LTC4 and increased resolvins and lipoxins. The conversion of MCTR1 to MCTR2 (13R-cysteinylglycinyl, 14S-hydroxy-4Z,7Z,9E,11E,13R,14S,16Z,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid) was catalyzed by γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) in human macrophages. Biosynthesis of MCTR3 was mediated by dipeptidases that cleaved the cysteinyl-glycinyl bond of MCTR2 to give 13R-cysteinyl, 14S-hydroxy-4Z,7Z,9E,11E,13R,14S,16Z,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid. Of note, both GSTM4 and GGT enzymes displayed higher affinity to 13S,14S-eMaR and MCTR1 compared with their classic substrates in the cysteinyl leukotriene metabolome. Together these results establish the MCTR biosynthetic pathway and provide mechanisms in tissue repair and regeneration.

Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/metabolismo , Inflamación/metabolismo , Lípidos/genética , Regeneración/genética , Vías Biosintéticas/genética , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/genética , Compuestos Epoxi/química , Compuestos Epoxi/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamación/genética , Metabolismo de los Lípidos/genética , Lípidos/sangre , Ganglios Linfáticos/crecimiento & desarrollo , Ganglios Linfáticos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Estructura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo , Cicatrización de Heridas/genética
Int J Nanomedicine ; 6: 373-80, 2011.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21499427


Colloidal suspensions of iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles are known to dissipate energy when exposed to an oscillating magnetic field. Such energy dissipation can be employed to locally raise temperature inside a tumor between 41°C and 45°C (hyperthermia) to promote cell death, a treatment known as magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH). This work seeks to quantify differences between MFH and hot-water hyperthermia (HWH) in terms of reduction in cell viability using two cancer cell culture models, Caco-2 (human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma) and MCF-7 (human breast cancer). Magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized via the co-precipitation method and functionalized with adsorbed carboxymethyl dextran. Cytotoxicity studies indicated that in the absence of an oscillating magnetic field, cell viability was not affected at concentrations of up to 0.6 mg iron oxide/mL. MFH resulted in a significant decrease in cell viability when exposed to a magnetic field for 120 minutes and allowed to rest for 48 hours, compared with similar field applications, but with shorter resting time. The results presented here suggest that MFH most likely induces apoptosis in both cell types. When compared with HWH, MFH produced a significant reduction in cell viability, and these effects appear to be cell-type related.

Hipertermia Inducida/métodos , Magnetoterapia/métodos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/administración & dosificación , Apoptosis , Células CACO-2 , Línea Celular Tumoral , Supervivencia Celular , Humanos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanomedicina