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1.
Nat Chem Biol ; 11(5): 347-354, 2015 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25848931

RESUMEN

Huntington's disease (HD) is a currently incurable neurodegenerative condition caused by an abnormally expanded polyglutamine tract in huntingtin (HTT). We identified new modifiers of mutant HTT toxicity by performing a large-scale 'druggable genome' siRNA screen in human cultured cells, followed by hit validation in Drosophila. We focused on glutaminyl cyclase (QPCT), which had one of the strongest effects on mutant HTT-induced toxicity and aggregation in the cell-based siRNA screen and also rescued these phenotypes in Drosophila. We found that QPCT inhibition induced the levels of the molecular chaperone αB-crystallin and reduced the aggregation of diverse proteins. We generated new QPCT inhibitors using in silico methods followed by in vitro screening, which rescued the HD-related phenotypes in cell, Drosophila and zebrafish HD models. Our data reveal a new HD druggable target affecting mutant HTT aggregation and provide proof of principle for a discovery pipeline from druggable genome screen to drug development.


Asunto(s)
Aminoaciltransferasas/efectos de los fármacos , Aminoaciltransferasas/genética , Enfermedad de Huntington/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad de Huntington/genética , ARN Interferente Pequeño , Aminoaciltransferasas/antagonistas & inhibidores , Animales , Células Cultivadas , Biología Computacional , Drosophila , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/farmacología , Inhibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapéutico , Proteínas Fluorescentes Verdes/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteína Huntingtina , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Mutación/genética , Proteínas del Tejido Nervioso/genética , Proteínas del Tejido Nervioso/metabolismo , Neuronas/efectos de los fármacos , Neuronas/metabolismo , Pez Cebra , Cadena B de alfa-Cristalina/metabolismo
2.
ChemMedChem ; 4(6): 923-33, 2009 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19434656

RESUMEN

Confidence in mechanism: Creating a more holistic understanding of disease pathophysiology and an early confidence in the mechanism under investigation could help facilitate the selection of not only the most appropriate targets but also the best mechanisms for disease intervention and how to select and optimise the best compounds. Drug target and candidate selection are two of the key decision points within the drug discovery process for which all companies use certain selection criteria to make decisions on which targets to accept into their discovery pipelines and which compounds will pass into development. These steps not only help define the overall productivity of every company but they are also decisions taken without full predictive knowledge of the risks that lie ahead or how best to manage them. In particular, the process of selecting new targets does not normally involve full evaluation of the risk(s) in the mechanism under investigation (the modulation of the target), which may result in an inability to fully connect in vitro and animal model results to the disease (clinical) setting. The resulting poor progression statistics of many compounds in the clinic is at least partially the result of a lack of understanding of disease pathophysiology. Notably, the lack of efficacy is still a major reason for failure in the clinic.1 Creating a more holistic understanding of disease pathophysiology and an early confidence in the mechanism under investigation could help facilitate the selection of not only the most appropriate targets but also the best mechanisms for disease intervention and how to select and optimise the best compounds.


Asunto(s)
Química Farmacéutica , Descubrimiento de Drogas , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso Central/tratamiento farmacológico , Química Farmacéutica/métodos , Química Farmacéutica/tendencias , Modelos Animales , Modelos Químicos , Proyectos de Investigación , Medición de Riesgo
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