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1.
Heliyon ; 10(8): e28831, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38638998

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of different acupuncture treatments for mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) using a network meta-analysis. Methods: Several databases were searched without language restrictions from 2000 to February 2023, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China Science and Technology Journal Database, China Biology Medicine Database, Wanfang Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, and other professional websites and gray literature. Inclusion criteria were adult women diagnosed with MGH; intervention measures included acupuncture and related therapies; the control group was treated with simple drugs; and the research type was a randomized controlled trial (RCT). The primary outcomes were treatment effectiveness and estradiol and progesterone levels. Secondary outcomes were breast lump size and visual analog scale (VAS) score of breast pain. Exclusion criteria were studies unrelated to MGH, incorrect study populations, control measures or interventions, incomplete data, non-RCTs, case reports, and animal experiments. Cochrane tools were used to assess the risk of bias. The R software (x64 version 4.2.1), Review Manager 5.3 software and STATA 16.0 software were used for data analysis. Results: Following a rigorous screening process, data extraction, and quality assessment, 48 eligible RCTs encompassing 4,500 patients with MGH and 16 interventions were included. The results indicated that acupuncture, alone or in combination with traditional Chinese or Western medicine, had better therapeutic effects than conventional therapy. In terms of effectiveness, warm needle acupuncture was the best choice (94.6%). Bloodletting pricking was the most effective method (85.7%) for lowering progesterone levels. Bloodletting pricking was the most effective method (98.3%) for lowering estradiol levels. Manual acupuncture combined with traditional Chinese medicine was the most effective (74.5%) treatment to improve the size of the breast lump. Warm needle acupuncture was the most effective (69.8%) in improving the VAS score. Conclusion: Acupuncture therapy was more effective in treating MGH than drug therapy alone, and warm needle acupuncture and bloodletting pricking were the two best options. However, larger sample sizes and high-quality RCTs are required.

2.
Acta Pharm ; 74(1): 149-164, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554387

RESUMEN

Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Surgery, chemoradiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are considered dominant treatment strategies for LC in the clinic. However, drug resistance and meta-stasis are two major challenges in cancer therapies. Medicarpin (MED) is an isoflavone compound isolated from alfalfa, which is usually used in traditional medicine. This study was de sig ned to evaluate the anti-LC effect and reveal the underlying mechanisms of MED in vivo and in vitro. We found that MED could significantly inhibit proliferation, induce apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest of A549 and H157 cell lines. Basically, MED induced cell apoptosis of LC cells by upregu lating the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins BAX and Bak1, leading to the cleavage of caspase-3 (Casp3). Moreover, MED inhibited the proliferation of LC cells via downregulating the expression of proliferative protein Bid. Overall, MED inhibited LC cell growth in vitro and in vivo via suppressing cell proliferation and inducing cell apoptosis, suggesting the therapeutic potential of MED in treating LC.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pterocarpanos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Línea Celular Tumoral , Apoptosis , Fitoalexinas , Proliferación Celular
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(9): 11239-11250, 2024 Mar 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38395769

RESUMEN

Hepatic cirrhosis has become a global public health concern with high mortality and currently lacks effective clinical treatment methods. Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and the large number of macrophages infiltrating into the liver play a critical role in the development of liver cirrhosis. This study developed a novel modified nanoparticle system (SRF-CS-PSA NPs) in which Sorafenib (SRF) was encapsulated by palmitic acid-modified albumin (PSA) and further modified with chondroitin sulfate (CS). These modifications enabled the SRF-CS-PSA NPs to effectively target hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and macrophages. SRF-CS-PSA NPs showed uniform particle size distribution of approximately 120 nm and high loading efficiency of up to 99.5% and can be taken up by HSCs and macrophages via CD44 and SR-A receptors, respectively. In a mouse model of liver cirrhosis, SRF-CS-PSA NPs demonstrated superior targeting and inhibition of HSCs and macrophages, effectively reversing the process of liver cirrhosis. Overall, our study demonstrates the potential of SRF-CS-PSA NPs as a targeted therapy for liver cirrhosis, with promising clinical applications.


Asunto(s)
Células Estrelladas Hepáticas , Nanopartículas , Ratones , Animales , Cirrosis Hepática/tratamiento farmacológico , Hígado/patología , Sorafenib/uso terapéutico , Albúminas
4.
ACS Nano ; 18(8): 6298-6313, 2024 Feb 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345574

RESUMEN

Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) often accompanies cochlear synaptopathy, which can be potentially reversed to restore hearing. However, there has been little success in achieving complete recovery of sensorineural deafness using nearly noninvasive middle ear drug delivery before. Here, we present a study demonstrating the efficacy of a middle ear delivery system employing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-poly-(dl-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-loaded hydrogel in reversing synaptopathy and restoring hearing function in a mouse model with NIHL. The mouse model achieved using the single noise exposure (NE, 115 dBL, 4 h) exhibited an average 20 dBL elevation of hearing thresholds with intact cochlear hair cells but a loss of ribbon synapses as the primary cause of hearing impairment. We developed a BDNF-PLGA-loaded thermosensitive hydrogel, which was administered via a single controllable injection into the tympanic cavity of noise-exposed mice, allowing its presence in the middle ear for a duration of 2 weeks. This intervention resulted in complete restoration of NIHL at frequencies of click, 4, 8, 16, and 32 kHz. Moreover, the cochlear ribbon synapses exhibited significant recovery, whereas other cochlear components (hair cells and auditory nerves) remained unchanged. Additionally, the cochlea of NE treated mice revealed activation of tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TRKB) signaling upon exposure to BDNF. These findings demonstrate a controllable and minimally invasive therapeutic approach that utilizes a BDNF-PLGA-loaded hydrogel to restore NIHL by specifically repairing cochlear synaptopathy. This tailored middle ear delivery system holds great promise for achieving ideal clinical outcomes in the treatment of NIHL and cochlear synaptopathy.


Asunto(s)
Sordera , Glicolatos , Pérdida Auditiva Provocada por Ruido , Animales , Ratones , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/uso terapéutico , Pérdida de Audición Oculta , Hidrogeles , Estimulación Acústica/efectos adversos , Umbral Auditivo , Potenciales Evocados Auditivos del Tronco Encefálico/fisiología , Pérdida Auditiva Provocada por Ruido/etiología , Sordera/complicaciones , Oído Medio
5.
Fitoterapia ; 174: 105828, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296166

RESUMEN

Aster tataricus L.f. is highly valued for its rich reserves of bioactive compounds. Our research focused on the identification of previously unreported compounds found within the ethanol extract of A. tataricus. Through meticulous spectroscopic analyses and computational methods like NMR calculations and ECD, we successfully elucidated the structures of five novel compounds termed tatarisides A-E (1-5), alongside two known compounds (6, 7). The anti-inflammatory assays conducted yielded noteworthy results, particularly in relation to compounds 1 and 5. These compounds exhibited significant potential in inhibiting the release of NO in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, as evidenced by their respective IC50 values of 17.81 ± 1.25 µM and 13.32 ± 0.84 µM. The discovery of these new compounds adds to the existing knowledge of A. tataricus's chemical composition and potential applications.


Asunto(s)
Aster , Estructura Molecular , Aster/química , Extractos Vegetales/química , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Antiinflamatorios/química , Etanol
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(20): 5509-5518, 2023 Oct.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38114143

RESUMEN

This study aims to compare the chemical constituents in 24 batches of Artemisiae Argyi Folium samples collected from three different Dao-di producing areas(Anguo in Hebei, Nanyang in Henan, and Qichun in Hubei). An ultra-performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) method was established to determine the content of 13 nonvolatile components, and headspace-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(HS-GC-MS) was employed for qualitative analysis and comparison of the volatile components. The content of phenolic acids in Artemisiae Argyi Folium was higher than that of flavonoids, and the content of nonvolatile components showed no significant differences among the samples from the three Dao-di producing areas. A total of 40 volatile components were identified, and the relative content of volatile components in Artemisiae Argyi Folium was significantly different among the samples from different Dao-di producing areas. The principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis identified 8 volatile components as the potential markers for discrimination of Artemisiae Argyi Folium samples from different Dao-di producing areas. This study revealed the differences in the chemical composition of Artemisiae Argyi Folium samples from three different Dao-di producing areas, providing analytical methods and a scientific basis for the discrimination and quality evaluation of Artemisia Argyi Folium in different Dao-di producing areas.


Asunto(s)
Artemisia , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Cromatografía de Gases y Espectrometría de Masas , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión/métodos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Flavonoides/análisis , Hojas de la Planta/química , Artemisia/química
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37944950

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the main disease composition of children hospitalized in pediatric surgery, explore the correlation between disease types and gender, and provide a reference for hospital management and pediatric disease prevention. Methods: Using ICD-10 codes as the classification standard for disease diagnosis, a statistical analysis was conducted on the disease composition of children hospitalized in the Pediatric Surgery Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2015, followed by the establishment of a clinical database. A total of 1647 male patients and 817 female patients were enrolled in the study, resulting in a male-to-female ratio of 2:1. The age range of the patients spanned from 0 to 18 years, with a marked imbalance in patient distribution among the various age groups. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS version 18.0 software. A chi-square test was performed to analyze the differences in the composition of disease systems and the composition of major diseases in terms of sex and age. Results: Pediatric patients were admitted with complex and diverse diseases in 2015, involving 15 systems of the human body and 400 diseases. Digestive system diseases, tumors, congenital malformations, and genitourinary system diseases were the top four diseases accounting for 83.5% of all pediatric cases. 561 patients were aged 0 years, accounting for 22.3% of all cases, while 1,801 patients fell within the 0-5 years age group, constituting 73.1% of the total. The differences in disease system composition among different sex and age groups of pediatric surgical inpatients were statistically significant (P = .001). There are statistically significant differences in the length of hospital stay and hospitalization costs among pediatric surgical inpatients in different age groups (P = .001). Conclusion: To strengthen the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric surgical diseases, we should strengthen the construction of key departments, optimize the consultation process according to the characteristics of children's disease spectrum, and improve the level of diagnosis and treatment of pediatric surgical diseases.

8.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 48(10): 969-976, 2023 Oct 25.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37879946

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To observe the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on neurogenic urinary retention rats, so as to explore the underlying mechanism of EA in treating neurogenic urinary retention by focusing on 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1)/protein kinase B (Akt)/hyperpolarization activated cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channel 4 (HCN4) pathway. METHODS: Female SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation, model, EA, PDK1 inhibitor, HCN4 blocker and EA + HCN4 blocker groups, with 20 rats in each group. The model of sacral spinal cord injury was established by modified Hassan Shaker spinal cord transection method. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to "Zhongji" (CV3) and "Zhongliao" (BL33) for 20 min, once daily for 10 days. Rats of the PDK1 inhibitor group received intraperitoneal injection of OSU-03012 (20 mg/kg), and rats of the HCN4 blocker group received intraperitoneal injection of ivabradine (10 mg/kg), both once every other day for 10 days. The urodynamic indexes of rats were detected by multi-channel physiological recorder;muscle strip test was used to detect detrusor excitability;the morphological changes of bladder were observed by HE staining. Immunofluorescence double staining was used to detect the co-expression of HCN4 and C-Kit, a specific marker of interstitial cells of Cajal in bladder. Western blot was used to detect the expression of PDK1/Akt/HCN4 pathway proteins in bladder tissue and heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), a protein related to bladder contraction function. RESULTS: Compared with the sham operation group, the rats in the model group showed urinary dysfunction, decreased leak point pressure, isolated detrusor spontaneous contraction frequency, fluorescence intensity of C-Kit positive cells, HCN4+/C-Kit+ co-expression, HCN4 and p-HSP27/HSP27 protein expression in bladder tissue (P<0.05), and increased maximum bladder capacity and comp-liance, minimum tension during contraction of isolated detrusor, PDK1 and p-Akt/Akt protein expression in bladder tissue (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the above index were all reversed after EA and PDK1 inhibitor intervention (P<0.05). In comparison with the EA group, the rats had severe urinary dysfunction, the urine leakage point pressure, spontaneous contraction frequency, fluorescence intensity of C-Kit positive cells, the co-expression of HCN4+/C-Kit+, and the protein expression of HCN4 and p-HSP27/HSP27 were decreased (P<0.05), the maximum bladder capacity and compliance, the minimum tension during contraction of isolated detrusor, and the protein expression of PDK1 and p-Akt/Akt in bladder tissue were increased (P<0.05) in both HCN4 blocker and EA+HCN4 blocker groups. HE staining showed exfoliated bladder epithelium and disordered layers, vacuolization of bladder wall cells, with infiltration of neutrophils in mucosal and muscular layers in the model group, which were relatively milder in the EA and PDK1 inhibitor groups, but worse in the HCN4 blocker and EA + HCN4 blocker groups. CONCLUSIONS: EA can improve the urinary dysfunction in rats with neurogenic urinary retention, which may be related to its effect in inhibiting the activation of PDK1/Akt pathway, promo-ting HCN4-mediated detrusor excitatory contraction and urinary electrical signal activation.


Asunto(s)
Electroacupuntura , Traumatismos de la Médula Espinal , Retención Urinaria , Animales , Femenino , Ratas , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP27/metabolismo , Canales Regulados por Nucleótidos Cíclicos Activados por Hiperpolarización/genética , Canales de Potasio , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismos de la Médula Espinal/terapia
9.
Front Pharmacol ; 14: 1255752, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37795029

RESUMEN

Introduction: This comprehensive review delves into the intricate and multifaceted relationship between anesthesia and melatonin, aiming to provide essential insights for perioperative clinical anesthesiologists and stimulate interest in related research. Anesthesia and surgery have the potential to disrupt melatonin secretion, leading to sleep disorders, postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction and other symptoms. In comparison to previous reviews, this review provides a comprehensive summary of the various aspects linking melatonin and anesthesia, going beyond isolated perspectives. It explores the potential benefits of administering melatonin during the perioperative period, including alleviating anxiety, reducing pain, enhancing perioperative sleep quality, as well as demonstrating immunomodulatory and anti-tumor effects, potentially offering significant advantages for cancer surgery patients. Recent Findings: Anesthesia and surgery have a significant impact on melatonin secretion, the hormone crucial for maintaining circadian rhythms. These procedures disrupt the normal secretion of melatonin, leading to various adverse effects such as sleep disturbances, pain, and postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction. However, the administration of exogenous melatonin during the perioperative period has yielded promising results. It has been observed that perioperative melatonin supplementation can effectively reduce anxiety levels, improve pain management, enhance the quality of perioperative sleep, and potentially decrease the occurrence of postoperative delirium. In recent years, studies have found that melatonin has the potential to improve immune function and exhibit anti-cancer effects, further underscoring its potential advantages for patients undergoing cancer surgery. Summary: In summary, melatonin can serve as an adjuvant drug for anesthesia during the perioperative period. Its administration has demonstrated numerous positive effects, including anti-anxiety properties, sedation, analgesia, improved postoperative sleep, and the potential to reduce the incidence of postoperative delirium. Furthermore, its immune-modulating and anti-tumor effects make it particularly valuable for cancer surgery patients. However, further studies are required to determine the optimal dosage, long-term safety, and potential adverse reactions associated with melatonin administration.

10.
Biofabrication ; 16(1)2023 10 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37857284

RESUMEN

The integrated repair of cartilage and bone involves the migration and differentiation of cells, which has always been a difficult problem to be solved. We utilize the natural biomaterial gelatin to construct gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA), a hydrogel scaffold with high cell affinity. GelMA is mixed with different components to print a bi-layer porous hydrogel scaffold with different modulus and composition in upper and lower layers through three-dimensional (3D) printing technology. The upper scaffold adds black phosphorus (BP) and human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUMSCs) exosomes (exos) in GelMA, which has a relatively lower elastic modulus and is conducive to the differentiation of BMSCs into cartilage. In the lower scaffold, in addition to BP and hUMSCs exos,ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP), which has osteoconductive and osteoinductive effects, is added to GelMA. The addition ofß-TCP significantly enhances the elastic modulus of the hydrogel scaffold, which is conducive to the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs).In vitroexperiments have confirmed that the bi-layer scaffolds can promote osteogenesis and chondrogenic differentiation respectively. And in the rabbit cartilage-bone injury model, MRI and micro-CT results show that the 3D printed bi-layer GelMA composite scaffold has a repair effect close to normal tissue.


Asunto(s)
Exosomas , Hidrogeles , Animales , Humanos , Conejos , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Gelatina , Osteogénesis , Fósforo , Cartílago , Materiales Biocompatibles , Impresión Tridimensional , Andamios del Tejido
11.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 17: 2401-2420, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37609432

RESUMEN

Introduction: Neuroinflammation is one of the major pathogeneses in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mainly involves abnormal inflammatory activation of microglia by multiple pathological stimuli. The treatment of AD remains a major challenge due to the multifactorial characterization of AD and the inefficient ability of therapeutic drugs to permeate through the blood‒brain barrier (BBB). Accordingly, drug combination treatment and drug carrier delivery have become important therapeutic tools for the treatment of multifactorial diseases, especially AD. Methods: Inflammatory cytokine levels in microglia, including NO, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-4, and IL-10, were detected. The Morris water maze and object location task were used to investigate the learning and memory functions of APP/PS1 mice in different treatment groups. The number of neurons and plasticity of synapses were evaluated by immunofluorescence double labelling. Additionally, the ratio of ß-amyloid plaques and the number of activated microglia were evaluated by immunofluorescence staining. The concentrations of ß-amyloid plaques and inflammatory factors in the hippocampus were determined by ELISA. Microglia-derived exosomes (Exos) were extracted and purified by size exclusion chromatography. The distribution of exosomes and drugs was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Results: Compared to single drug interventions, the combination of Ber and Pal (Ber/Pal) modulated microglial inflammatory cytokine levels. Ber/Pal promoted the recovery of learning and memory impairment in APP/PS1 mice. Immunofluorescence staining indicated that Ber/Pal restored neurons, inhibited Aß plaque formation and microglial activation, and regulated the secretion of inflammatory factors. Exos promoted the accumulation of drugs in cells and tissues and improved the targeting of drugs across the BBB. Conclusion: Ber/Pal could offer a synergistic and more comprehensive therapeutic effect in AD. Additionally, the microglia-derived Exos-Ber/Pal delivery system promoted the targeting and permeation of drugs into the brain, suggesting a creative strategy for targeting AD therapy by regulating neuroinflammation in microglial cells.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Berberina , Exosomas , Animales , Ratones , Berberina/farmacología , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades Neuroinflamatorias , Placa Amiloide , Péptidos beta-Amiloides , Citocinas
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(14)2023 Jul 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37511601

RESUMEN

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP) is the causative pathogen of porcine pleuropneumonia, a highly contagious respiratory disease in the pig industry. The increasingly severe antimicrobial resistance in APP urgently requires novel antibacterial alternatives for the treatment of APP infection. In this study, we investigated the effect of tea polyphenols (TP) against APP. MIC and MBC of TP showed significant inhibitory effects on bacteria growth and caused cellular damage to APP. Furthermore, TP decreased adherent activity of APP to the newborn pig tracheal epithelial cells (NPTr) and the destruction of the tight adherence junction proteins ß-catenin and occludin. Moreover, TP improved the survival rate of APP infected mice but also attenuated the release of the inflammation-related cytokines IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α. TP inhibited activation of the TLR/MAPK/PKC-MLCK signaling for down-regulated TLR-2, TLR4, p-JNK, p-p38, p-PKC-α, and MLCK in cells triggered by APP. Collectively, our data suggest that TP represents a promising therapeutic agent in the treatment of APP infection.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Actinobacillus , Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae , Actinobacillus , Infecciones por Mycoplasma , Pleuroneumonía , Enfermedades de los Porcinos , Animales , Porcinos , Ratones , Pleuroneumonía/microbiología , Receptor Toll-Like 4/metabolismo , Uniones Estrechas , Pulmón/microbiología , Infecciones por Actinobacillus/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por Actinobacillus/microbiología , Té/metabolismo , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/microbiología
13.
Phytomedicine ; 118: 154958, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37453192

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: As one of the most commonly used folk medicines in "Dai" ethno-medicine system, Alstonia scholaris (l.) R. Br. has also been used for treat "water related diseases", such as chronic kidney disease. However, few study was reported for it on the intervention of chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN). PURPOSE: To investigate the effect and potential mechanism of indole alkaloids from A. scholaris leaves in ICR mice with adriamycin nephropathy, as well as providing experimental evidence for the further application. METHODS: ICR Mice were selected for injections of adriamycin (ADR) to induce the CGN model and administered total alkaloids (TA) and four main alkaloids continuously for 42 and 28 days, respectively. The pharmacological effects were indicated by serum, urine, and renal pathological observations. The targets and pathways of indole alkaloids on CGN intervention were predicted using the network pharmacology approach, and the immortalized mice glomerular podocyte (MPC5) cells model stimulated by ADR was subsequently selected to further verify this by western blotting and RT-qPCR methods. RESULTS: TA and four major compounds dramatically reduced the levels of urinary protein, serum urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine (CRE) in ADR - induced CGN mice, while increasing serum albumin (ALB) and total protein (TP) levels as well as ameliorating kidney damage. Moreover, four alkaloids effected on 33 major target proteins and 153 pathways in the CGN, among which, PI3K-Akt as the main pathway, an important pathway for kidney protection by network pharmacology prediction, and then the four target proteins - HRAS, CDK2, HSP90AA1, and KDR were screened. As a result, Val-and Epi can exert a protective effect on ADR-stimulated MPC5 cells injury at a concentration of 50 µM. Furthermore, the proteins and RNA expression of HRAS, HSP90AA1, and KDR were down-regulated, and CDK2 was up-regulated after the intervention of Val-and Epi, which were supported by Western blotting and RT-qPCR. Additionally, Val-and Epi inhibited ROS production in the MPC5 cells model. CONCLUSION: This study is the first to confirm the potential therapeutic effect of alkaloids from A. scholaris on CGN. TA with major bioactive components (vallesamine and 19­epi-scholaricine) could exert protective effects against the ADR-induced CGN by regulating four key proteins: HRAS, CDK2, HSP90AA1, and KDR of the PI3K-Akt pathway.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides , Alstonia , Glomerulonefritis , Ratones , Animales , Ratones Endogámicos ICR , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacología , Alcaloides/farmacología , Alcaloides/uso terapéutico , Glomerulonefritis/inducido químicamente , Glomerulonefritis/tratamiento farmacológico
14.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-9, 2023 Jun 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37341701

RESUMEN

Despite a multitude of investigations assessing the impact of green coffee extract supplementation on obesity indices, there is still a great deal of heated debate regarding the benefits of this intervention in obesity management. Therefore, in order to clarify the effect of green coffee extract on waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI) and body weight (BW), we conducted an umbrella review of interventional meta-analyses. The Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed/Medline, and Embase databases were searched using specific keywords and word combinations. The umbrella meta-analysis was performed using the Stata software version 17 (Stata Corp. College Station, Texas, USA). We pooled effect sizes (ES) and confidence intervals (CI) for the outcomes using the random effects model (the DerSimonian and Laird method). In total, 5 eligible meta-analyses were included in the final quantitative assessment. Data pooled from 5 eligible papers revealed that green coffee extract can reduce BW (WMD: -1.22 kg, 95% CI: -1.53 to -0.92, p < 0.001), BMI (WMD: -0.48 kg/m2, 95% CI: -0.67 to -0.29, p < 0.001) and WC (WMD: -0.55 cm, 95% CI: -0.80 to -0.31, p < 0.001). Subgroup analyses highlighted that green coffee extract supplementation in dosages ≤600 mg/day and interventions lasting >7 wk are more likely to decrease BW. The present umbrella meta-analysis confirms the beneficial effects of green coffee extract in reducing WC, BMI, and BW. Thus, we may infer that green coffee extract can be used as a complementary therapy in the management of obesity.

15.
Chem Res Chin Univ ; 39(3): 408-414, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37303471

RESUMEN

Improving the technical performance of related industrial products is an efficient strategy to reducing the application quantities and environmental burden for toxic chemicals. A novel polyfluoroalkyl surfactant potassium 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4-octafluoro-4-(perfluorobutoxy)butane-1-sulfonate(F404) was synthesized by a commercializable route. It had a surface tension(γ) of 18.2 mN/m at the critical micelle concentration(CMC, 1.04 g/L), significantly lower than that of perfluorooctane sulfonate(PFOS, ca. 33.0 mN/m, 0.72 g/L), and exhibited remarkable suppression of chromium-fog at a dose half that of PFOS. The half maximal inhibitory concentration(IC50) values in HepG2 cells and the lethal concentration of 50%(LC50) in zebrafish embryos after 72 hpf indicated a lower toxicity for F404 in comparison to PFOS. In a UV/sulphite system, 89.3% of F404 were decomposed after 3 h, representing a defluorination efficiency of 43%. The cleavage of the ether C-O bond during the decomposition would be expected to form a short chain·C4F9 as the position of the ether C-O in the F404 fluorocarbon chains is C4-O5. The ether unit is introduced in the perfluoroalkyl chain to improve water solubility, biocompatibility and degradation, thereby minimizing the environmental burden. Electronic Supplementary Material: Supplementary material is available in the online version of this article at 10.1007/s40242-023-3030-4.

16.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 29(6): 306-310, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37318896

RESUMEN

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the application and effectiveness of Morodan combined with rabeprazole in patients with chronic gastritis, focusing on its impact on gastric mucosa repair. Methods: A cohort of 109 patients diagnosed with chronic gastritis, who received treatment at our hospital between January 2020 and January 2021, were included in this study. Among them, 56 patients were assigned to the control group and received treatment with rabeprazole alone, while 53 were assigned to the research group and received a combination therapy of Morodan and rabeprazole. A comparative analysis was conducted between the two groups, assessing clinical efficacy, gastric mucosa repair effects, serum-related factors, and the incidence of adverse reactions. Results: The research group exhibited a higher total effective rate of treatment (94.64%) compared to the control group (79.25%) (P < .05). Following treatment, the research group showed lower levels of pepsinogen II, serum transforming growth factor α, serum epidermal growth factor, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin 6, and C-reactive protein compared to the control group (P < .05). Additionally, the research group displayed higher levels of pepsinogen I compared to the control group (P < .05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the research group and the control group (P > .05). Conclusions: The combination therapy of Morodan and rabeprazole demonstrates efficacy in the treatment of chronic gastritis. It promotes gastric mucosa repair, reduces inflammatory damage, and exhibits a higher safety profile with no significant increase in adverse reactions. This treatment approach holds a higher clinical application value.


Asunto(s)
Gastritis Atrófica , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Rabeprazol/uso terapéutico , Gastritis Atrófica/diagnóstico , Gastritis Atrófica/patología , Mucosa Gástrica/patología , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
Small ; 19(39): e2301914, 2023 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37259269

RESUMEN

Development of intelligent nanoplatforms that can simultaneously target multiple factors associated with tumor growth and metastasis remains an extreme challenge. Here, an intelligent dendritic nanodevice incorporating both copper sulfide nanoparticles (CuS NPs) and 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA, a vascular disrupting agent) within the dendrimer internal cavities and surface modified with a targeting agent LyP-1 peptide is reported. The resulting generation 5 (G5) dendrimer-based nanodevice, known as G5-PEG-LyP-1-CuS-DMXAA NPs (GLCD NPs), possess good colloidal stability, pH-sensitive drug release kinetics, and high photothermal conversion efficiency (59.3%). These functional GLCD NPs exert a LyP-1-targeted killing effect on breast tumors by combining CuS-mediated photothermal therapy (PTT) and DMXAA-induced vascular disruption, while also triggering antitumor immune responses through PTT-induced immunogenic cell death and DMXAA-mediated immune regulation via M1 polarization of tumor-associated macrophages and dendritic cell maturation. In addition, with the LyP-1-mediated proapoptotic activity, the GLCD NPs can specifically kill tumor lymphatic endothelial cells. The simultaneous disruption of tumor blood vessels and lymphatic vessels cuts off the two main pathways of tumor metastasis, which plays a two-pronged role in inhibiting lung metastasis of the breast cancer model. Thus, the developed GLCD NPs represent an advanced intelligent nanoformulation for immune modulation-mediated combination tumor therapy with potential for clinical translations.


Asunto(s)
Dendrímeros , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Cobre , Células Endoteliales , Nanopartículas/uso terapéutico , Fototerapia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Sulfuros , Línea Celular Tumoral
18.
Heliyon ; 9(6): e16437, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37260904

RESUMEN

Background & aims: Approximately 5%-10% of the population in most geographical regions suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which creates a significant burden on individual patients, their families, and society. Recent advances in IBS therapies have indicated that vitamin D supplementation is potential to relieve its symptoms, but evidence of this is lacking. This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the effect of vitamin D on gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in IBS patients. Methods: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched from their inception to March 2022. Statistical analyses were performed with Stata 12.0 and Review Manager 5.4, and statistical significance was defined as P < 0.05. The pooled results are presented as weighted mean differences (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: The meta-analysis including 6 randomized controlled trials (RCT) with 572 patients found a significant difference in IBS symptom severity score (WMD, -34.88; 95% CI, -62.48 to -7.27; P = 0.013; random-effects model) but no significant difference in IBS quality of life score (WMD, 3.33; 95% CI, -5.12 to -11.77; P = 0.440; random-effects model). Conclusions: Overall, IBS patients may benefit from vitamin D supplementation to reduce the GI symptoms.

19.
Fitoterapia ; 168: 105550, 2023 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37244502

RESUMEN

Four previously unreported tirucallane-type triterpenoids (1-4), together with four known analogues (5-8), were isolated from the fruits of Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc. Their planar structures were comprehensively elucidated by detailed analyses of HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra data. The relative configurations of 1-4 were determined by NOESY experiments. The comparison of experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra led to the establishment of the absolute configurations of new compounds. All isolated triterpenoids were evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activities in vitro. Compounds 4 and 5 showed moderate α-glucosidase inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 120.3 ± 5.8 and 104.9 ± 7.1 µM, respectively.


Asunto(s)
Melia , Triterpenos , alfa-Glucosidasas , Melia/química , Frutas/química , Estructura Molecular , Triterpenos/farmacología , Triterpenos/química
20.
Microbiol Spectr ; 11(3): e0433722, 2023 06 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37212676

RESUMEN

Streptococcus suis is an recognized zoonotic pathogen of swine and severely threatens human health. Zinc is the second most abundant transition metal in biological systems. Here, we investigated the contribution of zinc to the drug resistance and pathogenesis of S. suis. We knocked out the genes of AdcACB and Lmb, two Zn-binding lipoproteins. Compared to the wild-type strain, we found that the survival rate of this double-mutant strain (ΔadcAΔlmb) was reduced in Zinc-limited medium, but not in Zinc-supplemented medium. Additionally, phenotypic experiments showed that the ΔadcAΔlmb strain displayed impaired adhesion to and invasion of cells, biofilm formation, and tolerance of cell envelope-targeting antibiotics. In a murine infection model, deletion of the adcA and lmb genes in S. suis resulted in a significant decrease in strain virulence, including survival rate, tissue bacterial load, inflammatory cytokine levels, and histopathological damage. These findings show that AdcA and Lmb are important for biofilm formation, drug resistance, and virulence in S. suis. IMPORTANCE Transition metals are important micronutrients for bacterial growth. Zn is necessary for the catalytic activity and structural integrity of various metalloproteins involved in bacterial pathogenic processes. However, how these invaders adapt to host-imposed metal starvation and overcome nutritional immunity remains unknown. Thus, pathogenic bacteria must acquire Zn during infection in order to successfully survive and multiply. The host uses nutritional immunity to limit the uptake of Zn by the invading bacteria. The bacterium uses a set of high-affinity Zn uptake systems to overcome this host metal restriction. Here, we identified two Zn uptake transporters in S. suis, AdcA and Lmb, by bioinformatics analysis and found that an adcA and lmb double-mutant strain could not grow in Zn-deficient medium and was more sensitive to cell envelope-targeting antibiotics. It is worth noting that the Zn uptake system is essential for biofilm formation, drug resistance, and virulence in S. suis. The Zn uptake system is expected to be a target for the development of novel antimicrobial therapies.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Bacterianas , Streptococcus suis , Animales , Humanos , Ratones , Proteínas Bacterianas/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos , Streptococcus suis/genética , Porcinos , Virulencia/genética , Zinc
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